There is greater recognition that the inefficient and at times wasteful use of natural resources, including energy, water and materials, lies at the heart of the key environmental challenges, including climate change. Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) assessments is a tested and proven tool adopted globally in past two decades to identify and quantify such resource productivity issues at firm level and to develop technically, financially and environmentally feasible solutions to the organizations.
RECP assessments analyses and quantifies input, output and waste generation at each step of a production process to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment.
RECP addresses the three sustainability dimensions individually and synergistically:
Production Efficiency: optimization of the productive use of natural resources (materials, energy and water);
Environmental management: optimization of the productive use of natural resources (materials, energy and water);
Human Development: minimization of risks to people and communities and support for their development.
RECP is a tool developed and promoted globally by United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) since 1994 and it has caused incomparable savings in resources at firm level across the various industrial sectors during last two decades. National Cleaner Production Centre (NCPC) as the apex body in Cleaner Production has conducted Cleaner Production Assessments in hundreds of industrial organizations in past one and half decades and paved the way for the savings of millions of rupees via efficient use of resources for the companies while enabling them to meet stringent compliance obligations.
There are three types of audits focuses on improving resource efficiency;
A Comprehensive Cleaner Production Assessment is an in-depth assessment carried out in an organization focusing at resource flows (energy, water and materials) within the total process in order to identify waste generation sources and causes. It also involves carrying out measurements in order to develop an accurate understanding of what, where and how waste is being generated. At the end of the assessment a detailed audit report is presented to the company listing out prioritized Cleaner Production solutions with the feasibility evaluation for waste minimization.
Short CP assessments are conducted with limited detailing in resource flow analysis. However Cleaner Production solutions are provided with feasibility evaluation in the shorter duration of assessment.
A Walk-through Audit (Quick scan) assessment is a tool to identify resource inefficiency hotspots in an organization and make recommendations with analysis of available data. It is usually conducted during a span of 2-3 hours to familiarize oneself with the processes and activities being carried out.